State Economy

State Profile

District Details





 State Economy

Basic information about West Bengal

Location: west Bengal is located at the center of the Eastern Region of India. The State is strategically positioned with 3 international frontiers, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. The State of west Bengal borders the States of Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, Sikkim & Assam. It stretches for about 700 km  from the blue waters of the bay of Bengal in the South to the mighty Himalayas in the North.

Area: 88752 sq. km. (less than 3% of total area of India.)

Population: (2011) census-91,347,736 ( 7.55% of total population of India).


    Summer:- 24 degree Celsius to 40 degree Celsius.
    Winter:- 7 degree Celsius to 26 degree Celsius.

The average temperature in March ranges from 28 degree Celsius to 32 degree Celsius.

Monsoon:- June to September

Rainfall:- 175 cms (annual average).

Economy:- West Bengal is the sixth largest economy in the country after Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh & Gujarat. The tertiary sector is the largest contributor to the net domestic product of the State contributing 65.52% of the net State domestic product compared to 18.76% from primary sector. During 2011-12 the rate of growth of per capita income in the State was 6.21%.

Market: There are 909 towns and 25 urban conglomerations in the State.  Kolkata UA is the third largest among the mega cities in India in terms of population. A vast rural captive market is also available in West Bengal.

Economic Growth:

Industrial: As against the  present growth rate of index of industrial production of 2.8% at the national level, the index of industrial production in West Bengal stands at 1.8% (2011-12, April-November).

State Domestic Products: During the year 2011-12, the growth of the Net State Domestic Product of West Bengal was 6.66% as against 6.48% growth of gross domestic product of the country over this period.



    Installed capacity 10194.1 MW (April-November 2011-12).
    Generation: 55527.0MU.

The State also offers a steady power supply at competitive tariffs.


  • Total Road Length - 299.209 kms.
  • National Highways - 2.578 kms
  • State Highways - 4.505 kms
  • Other PWD Roads -11.597 kms
  • Rural Roads - 171.307 kms
  • Urban Roads - 94.179 kms.


Telecom: As on March 2012 the State has about 71.26 million mobile subscribers. The total teledensity is 77.87

VSNL has its international gateway and earth station in and around Kolkata Mobile cellular services and e-mail services are available from a host of operators. International connectivity is provided through VSNL and five STPI earth stations, viz. Kolkata, Durgapur, Kharagpur, Haldia and siliguri. DoT/GoI has selected Digha in East Midnapore district as the cable landing station fot the submarine cable laying project connecting India and South East Asia.


Airports: There is an international airport at Kolkata and a domestic airport at Bagdogra, Siliguri. India’s first aerotropolis is slated to come up near Durgapur- Andal region.

Seaports: There are two riverine ports at Kolkata and Haldia.

Industrial Parks

WBIDC has developed multi product and sector specific industrial parks with state –of-the-art infrastructure keeping in mind the GoWB roadmap for rapid industrial growth. Some of the parks developed by WBIDC include Manikanchan SEZ, Shilpangan, Garment Park, Food Park, Plasto Steel Park, Polly Park, Vidyasagar Industrial Park, Raghunathpur Steel & Allied Industrial Park, Panagarh Industrial Park, Shalboni Industrial Park, Godapiasal Industrial Park, Salanpur Industrial Park, Rishi Bankim Industrial Park etc.

Growth Centres

There are 12 Growth Centres for medium and large scale industries, exclusive growth centers for Electronics Industries, Software Technology Park at Salt Lake, Export Processing Industrial Park at Durgapur and Export Processing Zone at Falta.

Major Industries

Iron & Steel, Heavy & Light Engineering products, Leather and Leather products, Chemicals & Petrochemicals and downstream, Textiles, Gems & Jewellery, Food Processing , Hospitality & Tourism, IT and IT enabled services, Automobile and Auto components, Drugs & Pharmaceuticals, Papers, Tea, Jute products, Electrical & Electronics, Infrastructure & Real Estate.

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